Europe's Energy Relations: Between Legacy and Transformation

CIEP, May 2018
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In this paper, dedicated to energy in Europe, CIEP offers insights into the evolving political relations in oil, natural gas and the transition towards a cleaner energy mix. The chapters in this paper were written as articles for a dossier in the Clingendael Spectator magazine. 

  • The internal and external dynamics of EU energy relations 
  • Energy transition: what about the internal EU energy market? 
  • Bone of contention or instrument of peace? Discussing the role of gas in the EU's relations with suppliers 
  • Changing crude oil trade flows and oil diplomacy
  • The Dutch energy economy: the energy gateway to Northwest Europe  


Additionally, a  is available, providing an overview of energy-related developments and facts.